Cataract Treatment: The Different Surgical Techniques Used

January 7, 2018   /   byHealthier Societies  / Categories :  Diet
An woman's eye

More than 50% of the population over the age of 50 develops cataracts. Cataracts are characterized by the clouding of the eye’s lens and consequently, blurred vision. In early stages, contact lenses, magnification devices, and anti-glare lenses are enough.

In cases of advanced cataracts, however, eye surgeons and specialists such as Del Negro & Senft Eye Associates in Monmouth County, NJ will most likely recommend surgery. Here are the three commonly used surgical techniques, depending on the patient’s needs and budget:

Extracapsular cataract surgery

There are two kinds of extracapsular surgical procedures: ECCE or the standard extracapsular cataract extraction, which is used for advanced cataract disease with a dense lens, and phacoemulsification, which is a modern form of ECCE. Here, the surgeon makes a smaller incision on one side of the cornea, then breaks the lens and vacuums out the fragments before placing an intraocular lens behind the iris.

Intracapsular cataract surgery

In intracapsular surgery, the surgeon detaches the lens in a single piece. It is used in specific cases like trauma and dislocated lenses. Medication is injected into the eye to freeze the diseased lens, which is then removed by a probe. After removing the damaged lens, the surgeon positions an intraocular lens in front of the iris.

Laser-assisted surgery

Instead of using a blade to make incisions, the surgeon uses a femtosecond laser in this type of surgery. The surgery is more precise and gentle than traditional cataract surgery. The incision made is exceptionally accurate and results in a perfect circle. Laser-assisted cataract surgery has less downtime and discomfort though it costs more than conventional surgery.

One of the determinants of visual acuity after surgery is your choice of intraocular lenses. Multifocal lenses increase visual acuity at several distances while toric lenses treat astigmatism. Ensure the eye surgeon you choose for your surgery is well experienced with microsurgical procedures.

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